Farmers and growers using Plant Protection Products (PPP)
This guidance is for farmers and growers (including forestry) using agricultural and horticultural plant protection products, also known as pesticides.
Using and storing plant protection products information on authorisations
These lists and databases can help you to find information on each plant protection product:
Parallel imports (Northern Ireland only)
Farmers and growers may import pesticides for their own use in Northern Ireland. There is separate guidance on Parallel Trade Permits for Pesticides for 'Own-Use'.
Codes of practice
Guidance on good practice in the use of PPPs:
- Code of Practice for Using Plant Protection Products for all professional users of plant protection products in England and Wales in respect of Part III of the Food and Environment Protection Act 1985 (FEPA) and the regulations controlling pesticides, particularly plant protection products, under that part of the Act.
- Code of Practice for Suppliers of Pesticides to Agriculture, Horticulture and Forestry (Yellow Code). Guidance for those involved commercially in the sale, supply and storage for sale of pesticides approved for agricultural use.
Other Codes of Practice are available.
Anyone who uses a professional plant protection product in the course of their business or employment should not use that product, or give instruction to others on its use, unless they have received adequate instruction, training and guidance.
This Code of Practice for Using Plant Protection Products has further information.
Those carrying out aerial spraying operations must make sure that:
- the spraying is done in line with an approved Application Plan
- specific spray operations have been permitted by HSE
The Application Plan must be completed by aerial spraying operators and submitted to HSE. It must contain details that will allow HSE to approve the Plan and permit any spray operations carried out in line with it. Further information about Application Plans and Aerial Spraying Permitting Arrangements.
Organic farmers need to take care to follow plant protection product legislation, as well as organic rules when choosing substances to protect crops from pest or diseases.
Local Environmental Risk Assessments for Pesticides (LERAP)
You may be able to reduce the buffer zone specified on the product label, for the protection of water, on certain plant protection products. This may be achieved by carrying out a Local Environment Risk Assessment for Pesticides (LERAP). There are two schemes, including an extension to the LERAP scheme for horizontal boom sprayers.
Regulatory Updates provide information on changes to legal requirements for Authorisation Holders, application procedures and the authorisation process, and inclusion of products on the Official List of adjuvants.
Regulatory updates information is issued as a news item or in pesticides ebulletins. Subscribers to pesticides bulletins will be alerted to regulatory updates as well as other news such as information about training events hosted by HSE.
Other sources of information
Monitoring and enforcement issues
Data on the usage of pesticides in the UK has been collated from across Great Britain for the last 50 years in the Pesticides Usage Survey
The Wildlife Incident Investigation Scheme is essentially a monitoring tool to inform the pesticide approval process. However, where there is clear evidence of a breach of pesticide law enforcement action may be taken. Find out more on PPP enforcement.