Hazard statements, precautionary statements and signal words
A hazard statement is a phrase that describes the nature of the hazard in the substance or mixture. A hazard statement will be determined by the application of the classification criteria.
Examples of hazard statements include:
- Causes serious eye damage
- Toxic if swallowed
- Toxic to the aquatic life with long lasting effects
- May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled
It replaces the ‘risk or R-phrase’ used in CHIP.
A precautionary statement is a phrase that describes recommended measure(s) to minimise or prevent adverse effects resulting from exposure to a hazardous substance or mixture due to its use or disposal.
Examples of precautionary statements include:
- Wear eye protection
- Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product
- Avoid release to the environment
- In case of inadequate ventilation wear respiratory protection
Suppliers determine the appropriate precautionary statements (usually no more than six) based on the required hazard statements.
It replaces the ‘safety or S-phrase’ used in CHIP.
The CLP Regulation also introduces two new signal words: ‘Danger’ and ‘Warning’.
If the chemical has a more severe hazard, the label includes the signal word ‘Danger’; in case of less severe hazards, the signal word is ‘Warning’.