Physical evidence in court


1. This section considers types of evidence other than by oral witness testimony that may be admitted in court, including:

  • written statements;
  • documents;
  • maps, plans and photographs;
  • sound and video recordings;,
  • business records;
  • certificates;
  • material objects, such as parts of machinery.

2. In order for this evidence to be admitted, you must follow the correct rules and procedures. Some documents may 'speak for themselves'; others may need to be presented by a witness before becoming receivable in evidence.

3. The collection of documentary and real evidence ("Physical evidence") is dealt with in the Investigation Stage of the Enforcement Guide in the `Collecting Physical Evidence' section.

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Updated 2021-08-27