Employers have a duty under health and safety law to ensure, as far as is reasonably practicable, the health, safety and welfare of their employees.
This page summarises the main legislation applying to the use of workplace transport:
The Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974 , also referred to as HASAW or HSW, is the primary piece of legislation covering occupational health and safety in Great Britain. The Health and Safety Executive is responsible for enforcing the Act. More information is available on the HSE Legislation website.
These require a risk assessment to be carried out to identify the nature and levels of risk associated with a work activity. Appropriate precautions need to be taken to eliminate or control these risks. A proportionate response according to the risk is required. The higher the level of risk identified through the assessment, the greater the measures that will be needed to reduce it. Risk assessment provides the basis for safe systems of work to eliminate or reduce risks as far as possible. Safe systems of work are formal procedures which should be followed to ensure that work is carried out safely. They are necessary where risks cannot be controlled adequately by other means. Employers must ensure that the systems of work to be followed are properly implemented and monitored, and that details have been given to those at risk
These regulations apply to all work equipment, and they require that:
The Regulations also require that lift trucks which carry a seated ride-on operator should be fitted with a restraining system, such as a seat belt, if risk assessment indicates that there is a risk of the vehicle rolling over and the operator falling from the operating position and being crushed between the truck and the ground.
Regulation 9 requires that operators of rider-operated lift trucks are trained to use the equipment safely. Guidance on training is provided in Rider operated lift trucks: Operator training and safe use, Approved Code of Practice and Guidance.
These regulations require that workplaces are organised to ensure that vehicles and pedestrians can move around safely. This includes:
LOLER deals with specific hazards/risks associated with lifting equipment and lifting operations. Managers should ensure that every lifting operation, including those involving a lift truck, is:
For most lift-truck work, planning will usually be a matter for the operator, who should therefore have the appropriate training, knowledge and expertise. While experienced lift truck operators may not be under direct supervision every time they carry out routine lifts, they may need to be supervised if required to lift an unusual load, or to lift it in potentially hazardous conditions.
This relates to the provision of basic training for lift-truck operators. Further information can be found in HSE publication Rider-operated lift trucks - L117