Cloth finishing and fabric-coating machinery

Cloth finishing and fabric coating machinery should have:

  • all drive points, belts and shafts correctly guarded
  • roller intakes on all types of finishing machinery correctly guarded, with modern interlocks or trip devices on fast moving equipment
  • braking systems checked on a regular basis
  • suitable safety devices (eg rubber needles) provided for feed scouring machines
  • all hot parts/pipes etc guarded or insulated to prevent accidental burns
  • hydro-extractors:
  • fitted with functioning interlocked lids that lock the lid to prevent access when the drum is moving
  • fitted with out-of-balance detectors
  • properly anchored to the floor
  • stenters:
    • traps between chains and sprocket wheels guarded
    • guards fitted to prevent access to nips between rollers and fabric and rollers
    • fabric pins guarded in areas that can be accessed easily
    • employees prevented from climbing up machines to re-fix fabric back into pins
    • slitting knives provided with effective guarding
    • explosion relief fitted on direct gas-fired stenters
  • brushing, raising and cropping machines:
  • in-running nips guarded
  • interlocked cover guards incorporating guard locking fitted to all cutter blades
  • temporary guards and safe systems of work used where blade sharpening or wire dressing takes place in situ
  • LEV fitted to remove dust
  • safe cleaning methods used to remove any build up of dust
  • dry-cleaning machines and tumble dryers
  • interlocked to prevent entry whilst they are running, eg to clean or remove items
  • staff trained in operation and routine maintenance such as cleaning traps and the still
  • properly maintained and checked for solvent leaks
  • emergency procedures in place to deal with spillages of dry-cleaning solvent
  • where 'A' Frames are used - suitable safety device provided for batching units
  • brakes and steering devices adequate where 'A' frames are moved by motorised systems
  • fixed or interlock guards used in pressurised finishing machines
  • cropping and cutting machines - specific named employees appointed to carry out sharpening work on the blades
  • where operatives need to climb onto machines to make adjustments, feed material or check controls - they are trained in correct techniques, use of ladders and steps etc
  • pressure vessels subject to regular inspection by the company maintenance and schemes of examination by an external competent person
  • fault reporting procedures for leaks of steam, solvents and other substance
  • batch carts maintained so that they run freely
  • special permits in use for entering enclosed or confined spaces
  • pressurised finishing machines - safety devices checked daily
  • in some textile processes exposure to corrosive liquids can give rise to accelerated corrosion of cages and ultimate failure. ┬áMaintenance inspection and operating procedures should be designed to avoid such problems developing.
  • haul-off rollers clothed in card wire must be guarded, otherwise there is a serious risk of entanglement

Check the British Standards that apply to cloth finishing and fabric-coating machinery.

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Updated 2023-09-13