Explosives Regulations 2014
The UK has left the EU, and some rules and procedures have changed from 1 January 2021.
The new Explosives Regulations 2014 (ER 2014) came into force on 1 October 2014.
HSE worked with stakeholders to review existing health and safety related explosives legislation. One of the key aims of that review was to consolidate, modernise, and, where practicable, simplify the legislative arrangements.
ER 2014 consolidated and therefore revoked a number of explosives regulations. It has brought together the requirements of health and safety related explosives legislation into a framework based around common topics such as authorisation, safety, security and placing on the market. As a result of the consolidation the Approved Code of Practice to the Manufacture and Storage of Explosives Regulations 2005 (L139) was been withdrawn. Guidance relating to the security of explosives (HSE Circular 1/2005), and guidance on the placing of civil use explosives on the market (L66) was also withdrawn.
The main changes to the regulatory framework include:
- merging registrations into the licensing system
- allowing local authorities to issue licences up to 5 years, aligning them with equivalent HSE/police-issued licences
- extending licensing to address storage of ammonium nitrate blasting intermediate (ANBI)
- exceptions for keeping higher hazard and desensitised explosives without a licence have been updated
- tables of separation distances have been restructured to better allow for sites with more than one store; the tables have also been revised to cover quantities of explosives greater than 2000kg
- a revised list of explosives that can be acquired or acquired and kept without an explosives certificate from the police
- the repeal of the Fireworks Act 1951, as its remaining provisions have been superseded by the Pyrotechnic (Safety) Regulations 2010
The regulations are supported by a suite of overarching and subsector guidance.
The overarching guidance consists of two documents:
These top-level documents are principally aimed at more complex and larger operations but they contain overarching technical guidance and background information that will help all dutyholders to comply with the safety and security provisions in the regulations. They are structured around the fundamental objectives, described as 'statements of success', that all duty holders in the industry should achieve in a manner that is proportionate to their business and also identify detailed specialist and topic based guidance.
The level of guidance to be used and how to use it will depend on the type of dutyholder, the types of explosive, and the subsector that the dutyholder is operating in. Further information about the guidance structure is available.
Not all the regulations would be expected to apply to all of the activities of all subsectors. This is because different subsectors undertake different activities and work with different types of explosives.