Job, equipment & environment focus
The way jobs are designed has a direct effect on the health & safety of workers. People will usually try to adapt to poor job, equipment or environment design, but this can impact on their health & safety and the overall safety of the work system (e.g. in safety critical or major hazard industries). The timing of shifts, the length and frequency of breaks, the workload, the physical and mental demands due to the design of the task, equipment and environment are all important factors to consider and can affect both the individual and the integrity of the whole work system.