Incident reporting

Under the Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 2013 (RIDDOR), infections and dangerous occurrences with biological agents at work must be reported.

Dangerous occurrences are certain unintended, specified events, which may not result in a reportable injury, but which do have the potential to cause significant harm.

For an incident to be reportable as a dangerous occurrence, the incident must have resulted (or could have resulted) in the release or escape of a biological agent likely to cause severe human illness or infection, or a sharps injury involving known blood/body fluid infected with a Blood- Borne Virus (BBV).

In addition, local records should be kept of all such incidents, and the underlying cause(s) should be investigated and noted.

Mandatory Scheme for Reporting Exposures

Some occupational exposures to blood-borne viruses, (HBV, HCV and HIV), are reportable to the HSE under RIDDOR as follows:

Occupational exposures to blood borne viruses that result in the worker being incapacitated for more than three consecutive days must be recorded but are not required to be reported.

Further details relating to, and about how to report are available at RIDDOR.

Useful information is also available from the document, Reporting injuries, diseases and dangerous occurrences in health and social care: Guidance for employers.

Voluntary Scheme for Reporting Exposures

Surveillance of Significant Occupational Exposures to Blood-borne Viruses in Healthcare Workers.

The UK Health Security Agency receives reports on:

Further details on the surveillance scheme are available at: Blood borne Viruses (BBVs) and Occupational Exposure

Updated 2022-02-08