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Reactors

The failure modes associated with Reactors are:

The technical measures that may be appropriate for each of these failure modes are identified in each of the above links.

Air Ingress measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving air ingress effects of Reactors are:

Air Ingress measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Operating Procedures Explosion Relief Emergency Response
Reliability of Utilities Sampling Isolation
  Training Plant Layout (Escalation)
    PPE
    Secondary Containment
    Spill Treatment

Corrosion measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving corrosion effects of Reactors are:

Corrosion measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Coatings Corrosion Monitoring Emergency Response
Selection of Materials Inspection Isolation
  Leak Detection Plant Layout (Escalation)
    PPE
    Secondary Containment
    Spill Treatment

Design Fault measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving design fault effects of Reactors are:

Design Fault measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Design Codes - Buildings Inspection Emergency Response
Design Codes - Plant Leak Detection Isolation
Reaction Testing Relief Systems Plant Layout (Escalation)
  Vent Systems PPE
    Secondary Containment
    Spill Treatment

Erosion measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving erosion effects of Reactors are:

Erosion measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Design Codes - Plant Inspection Emergency Response
  Leak Detection Isolation
    Plant Layout (Escalation)
    PPE
    Secondary Containment
    Spill Treatment

Exothermic reaction measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving exothermic reaction effects of Reactors are:

Exothermic reaction measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Design Codes - Plant Agitator Interlock/Trips Emergency Response
Maintenance Procedures Alarms Isolation
Operating Procedures Back-Up Cooling Plant Layout (Escalation)
Reaction Testing Quench Systems PPE
Reliability of Utilities Training Secondary Containment
  Vent Systems Spill Treatment

External event measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving external event effects of Reactors are:

External event measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Design Codes - Buildings Flood Protection Emergency Response
Design Codes - Plant Lightning Protection Isolation
  Relief Systems Plant Layout (Escalation)
  Wind Loading Protection PPE
    Secondary Containment
    Spill Treatment

Fire/explosion measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving fire/explosion effects of Reactors are:

Fire/explosion measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Design Codes - Plant Active Fire Protection Emergency Response
Earthing Agitator Interlock/Trips Isolation
Hazardous Area Classification Explosion Relief Plant Layout (Escalation)
Inerting Quench Systems PPE
Operating Procedures Vent Systems Secondary Containment
Reaction Testing   Spill Treatment

Human error measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving human error effects of Reactors are:

Human error measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Operating Procedures Alarms Emergency Response
  Control Systems Isolation
  Training Plant Layout (Escalation)
    PPE
    Secondary Containment
    Spill Treatment

Impact measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving impact effects of Reactors are:

Impact measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Lifting Procedures Leak Detection Emergency Response
Maintenance Procedures Training Isolation
Operating Procedures   Plant Layout (Escalation)
Permit to Work   PPE
    Secondary Containment
    Spill Treatment

Impurities measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving impurities effects of Reactors are:

Impurities measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Operating Procedures Alarms/Trips Emergency Response
Reaction Testing Quench Systems Isolation
  Relief Systems Plant Layout (Escalation)
  Sampling PPE
  Training Secondary Containment
    Spill Treatment

Maintenance faults measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving maintenance faults effects of Reactors are:

Maintenance faults measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Maintenance Procedures Inspection Emergency Response
  Leak Detection Isolation
  Permit to Work Plant Layout (Escalation)
  Training PPE
    Secondary Containment
    Spill Treatment

Overfilling measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving overfilling effects of Reactors are:

Overfilling measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Design Codes - Plant Alarms Emergency Response
Operating Procedures Training Isolation
  Trips Plant Layout (Escalation)
    PPE
    Secondary Containment
    Spill Treatment

Overheating measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving overheating effects of Reactors are:

Overheating measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Design Codes - Plant Agitator Interlock/Trips Emergency Response
Maintenance Procedures Alarms Isolation
Operating Procedures Back-Up Cooling Plant Layout (Escalation)
Reaction Testing Quench Systems PPE
Reliability of Utilities Training Secondary Containment
  Vent Systems Spill Treatment

Overpressurisation measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving overpressurisation effects of Reactors are:

Overpressurisation measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Design Codes - Plant Alarms Emergency Response
Maintenance Procedures Quench Systems Isolation
Operating Procedures Relief Systems Plant Layout (Escalation)
Reaction Testing Training PPE
  Trips Secondary Containment
  Vent Systems Spill Treatment

Structural failure measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving structural failure effects of Reactors are:

Structural failure measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Design Codes - Buildings Inspection Emergency Response
Design Codes - Plant   Isolation
    Plant Layout (Escalation)
    PPE
    Secondary Containment
    Spill Treatment

Vibration measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving vibration effects of Reactors are:

Vibration measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Design Codes - Plant Inspection Emergency Response
  Leak Detection Isolation
  Maintenance Procedures Plant Layout (Escalation)
  Training PPE
    Secondary Containment
    Spill Treatment

Wrong/defective equipment measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving wrong/defective equipment effects of Reactors are:

Wrong/defective equipment measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Change Procedures Alarms/Trips Emergency Response
Design Codes - Plant Leak Detection Isolation
  Relief Systems Plant Layout (Escalation)
  Training PPE
    Secondary Containment
    Spill Treatment
2014-06-10