|Health and Safety Executive - Safety Alert|
|Department Name:||Field Operations Directorate - Construction|
|Bulletin No:||FOD 2-2013|
|Issue Date:||30 April 2013|
|Target Audience:||Construction and retail including: designers, manufacturers, suppliers and installers of modular, stone or artificial stone fireplace surrounds and principal contractors, contractors and clients who commission such installation|
|Key Issues:||To alert designers, manufacturers and suppliers of stone or artificial stone fireplace surrounds of the need to provide adequate fixings and fixing options as well as detailed instructions on their safe assembly and to alert installers of the need to ensure they are safely installed so as to prevent subsequent failure and potential fatal injuries|
HSE is aware of several instances where heavy stone components forming part of a modern fireplace surround have fallen causing damage and injury. These incidents have happened because the fireplaces were not securely, mechanically fixed in place. In two, separate accidents this type of incident resulted in the death of two young children. The fireplace surrounds had been installed and in use in the family home for a matter of months before the fatal accidents. Further research has shown, that there have been, over a number of years, several other fatalities to children. The Stone Federation of Great Britain has recently revised its guidance on safe installation of fire place surrounds.
Modular, stone or artificial stone fireplaces consist of a number of individual components that are assembled on site to form the fireplace surround. They commonly consist of two, vertical legs (jambs) on top of which is the horizontal lintel (frieze or headstone) and above the lintel either a mantel shelf or a number of horizontal components that may include a 'cushion' stone on top of which is the mantel shelf.
Typically the stone components are set on top of a solid hearth, with either mortar or another bonding material acting as bedding between the stone components. Mechanical fixings (e.g. steel brackets, dowels and screws etc) are used to hold the stone components in position and to secure them to the wall. Individual components can exceed 50 kgs in weight. The mantel shelf may also have a significant overhang projecting forward of the lintel. Unless fitted in a secure manner this makes the mantel in particular liable to topple off the lintel.
If the individual components are not designed to incorporate or include adequate fixings or if they are not installed correctly, i.e. mechanically secured together and secured to the surrounding wall it is possible for the mantel shelf to detach and to topple over. The toppling of an inadequately installed mantel shelf can be triggered by passive weight such as heavy items stored on the mantel or by a person pulling down or hanging from the projecting edge of the mantel.
The heavy weights of the toppling components place persons, especially children at risk of severe or even fatal injuries.
Designers of modular stone fireplace surrounds should ensure that their design incorporates or includes fixings or fixing kits that are suitable for a range of locations and able to be installed onto a variety of floor and wall types. This may include dense and lightweight masonry and timber frame.
Manufactures and suppliers should ensure that adequate information is provided to installers to safely assemble and install the fireplace surround including:
Installers should ensure that they follow the manufacturer's and supplier's guidelines.
Designers, manufacturers, suppliers and installers attention is also drawn to the Stone Federation of Great Britain guidance on "Fireplace Surrounds". This is available free of charge at http://www.stonefed.org.uk/index.php?page=Health-and-Safety
All enquiries for journalists should be directed to the HSE Press Office