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Distillation columns

The failure modes associated with distillation columns are:

The technical measures that may be appropriate for each of these failure modes are identified in each of the above links.

Corrosion measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving corrosion effects of Distillation Columns are:

Corrosion measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Coatings Corrosion monitoring Emergency response
Selection of materials Inspection Isolation
  Leak detection Plant layout (Escalation)
    PPE
    Secondary containment
    Spill treatment

Design fault measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving design fault effects of Distillation Columns are:

Design fault measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Design codes - buildings Inspection Emergency response
Design codes - plant Leak detection Isolation
  Relief systems Plant layout (escalation)
  Vent systems PPE
    Secondary containment
    Spill treatment

External event measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving external event effects of Distillation Columns are:

External event measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Design codes - buildings Flood protection Emergency response
Design codes - plant Lightning protection Isolation
  Relief systems Plant layout (escalation)
  Wind loading protection PPE
    Secondary containment
    Spill treatment

Fire/explosion measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving fire/explosion effects of Distillation Columns are:

Fire/explosion measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Design codes - plant Active fire protection Emergency response
Earthing Relief systems Isolation
Inerting Vent systems Plant layout (escalation)
Hazardous area classification   PPE
Operating procedures   Secondary containment
    Spill treatment

Human error measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving human error effects of Distillation Columns are:

Human error measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Operating procedures Alarms Emergency response
  Control systems Isolation
  Training Plant layout (escalation)
    PPE
    Secondary containment
    Spill treatment

Impact measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving impact effects of Distillation Columns are:

Impact measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Lifting procedures Leak detection Emergency response
Maintenance procedures Training Isolation
Operating procedures   Plant layout (escalation)
Permit to work   PPE
    Secondary containment
    Spill treatment

Impurities measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving impurities effects of Distillation Columns are:

Impurities measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Operating procedures Alarms/trips Emergency response
  Relief systems Isolation
  Sampling Plant layout (escalation)
  Training PPE
    Secondary containment
    Spill treatment

Maintenance faults measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving maintenance faults effects of Distillation Columns are:

Maintenance faults measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Maintenance procedures Inspection Emergency response
  Leak detection Isolation
  Permit to work Plant layout (escalation)
  Training PPE
    Secondary containment
    Spill treatment

Overheating measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving overheating effects of Distillation Columns are:

Overheating measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Design codes - plant Alarms Emergency response
Maintenance procedures Back up cooling Isolation
Operating procedures Training Plant layout (escalation)
Reliability of utilities Trips PPE
  Vent systems Secondary containment
    Spill treatment

Overpressurisation measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving overpressurisation effects of Distillation Columns are:

Overpressurisation measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Design codes - plant Alarms Emergency response
Operating procedures Relief systems Isolation
Maintenance procedures Training Plant layout (escalation)
  Trips PPE
  Vent systems Secondary containment
    Spill treatment

Structural failure measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving structural failure effects of Distillation Columns are:

Structural failure measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Design codes - buildings Inspection Emergency response
Design codes - plant Relief systems Isolation
    Plant layout (escalation)
    PPE
    Secondary containment
    Spill treatment

Vibration measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving vibration effects of Distillation Columns are:

Vibration measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Design codes - plant Inspection Emergency response
  Leak detection Isolation
  Maintenance procedures Plant layout (escalation)
  Training PPE
    Secondary containment
    Spill treatment

Wrong/defective equipment measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving wrong/defective equipment effects of Distillation Columns are:

Wrong/defective equipment measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Change procedures Alarms/trips Emergency response
Design codes - plant Leak detection Isolation
  Relief systems Plant layout (escalation)
  Training PPE
    Secondary containment
    Spill treatment
2014-06-17