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Countries and regions

Information on work-related injuries, ill health and enforcement action for Scotland, Wales and the English regions.

Headline statistics

A selection of Data Tables are available providing further information.

Data sources

The most reliable source for estimates of national and regional workplace injury and work-related ill health data is the annual Labour Force Survey (LFS). This is a household survey consisting of around 38,000 households per quarter across Great Britain which provides information about the labour market. HSE commissions a module of questions in the LFS to gain a view of workplace injury and work-related illness based on individuals’ perceptions.

Both the non-fatal injury and ill health estimates from the LFS are based on averages over a three year period (2013/14 to 2015/16). The ill health figures are prevalence rates meaning that they include ongoing ill health conditions which began before the current year.

Interpretation of regional differences

It is important to understand that it is not the geographic area in which someone works which is the primary driver of the degree to which they are at risk of adverse health and safety outcomes such as ill health or injury. The primary driver is a person’s occupation, with the industry in which they work also having an effect. Therefore, any apparent difference between regions and countries will be affected by the occupational mix in the workforce of those regions and countries.

In particular, when comparing countries it should be noted that both Scotland and Wales have proportionally fewer workers in low-risk occupations than England. The difference is largely driven by the occupational mix in London and South East where there is a much higher proportion of workers in low-risk occupations than across the rest of England and Great Britain as a whole. An analysis of the impact of London and the South East on the overall figures for England and for Great Britain can be found at www.hse.gov.uk/statistics/adhoc-analysis/examination-health-safety-profile.pdf.

With respect to fatal injuries, for which both Scotland and Wales have high rates over a five year period, an analysis of rates adjusted for industry composition can be found at
www.hse.gov.uk/statistics/adhoc-analysis/standardised-fatals.pdf. It should also be noted that the number of fatalities in some countries and regions is relatively small, hence susceptible to considerable variation.

With respect to non-fatal injuries, an analysis of rates adjusted for occupation can be found at www.hse.gov.uk/statistics/adhoc-analysis/lfs-standardised-injury-rates.pdf.

Updated 2016-11-02