Under domestic law (the Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974) employers
are responsible for ensuring the safety of their employees and others. This
responsibility is reinforced by regulations.
These regulations contain the following key duties:
- avoid entry to confined spaces, e.g. by doing the work from the outside;
- if entry to a confined space is unavoidable, follow a safe system of
- put in place adequate emergency arrangements before the work start
Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999
Require employers and self-employed people to carry out a suitable and
sufficient assessment of the risks for all work activities for the purpose
of deciding what measures are necessary for safety. For work in confined
spaces this means identifying the hazards present, assessing the risks
and determining what precautions to take.