Safety of New Austrian Tunnelling Method (NATM) Tunnels
A review of sprayed concrete lined tunnels with particular reference to London clay
- Date of publication:
- 1996 (reissued as PDF 2014)
- 978 0 7176 1068 6 (out of print)
Austrian Tunnelling Method (NATM). It deals with the worldwide history of NATM failures and collapses and describes the legislation, the importance of a risk-based approach and describes a model for managing risk.
The report was produced in response to the collapse of three tunnels of the Heathrow Express Link.
The report was published in 1996 under ISBN 978 0 7176 1068 6, and reissued as PDF only in 2014.