Countries and regions
Information on work-related injuries and ill health for Scotland, Wales and the English regions.
- Fatal injuries - The highest rates in 2018/19 were in Scotland (1.07 cases per 100,000 workers), West Midlands (0.71 cases per 100,000 workers) and Yorkshire and the Humber (0.57 cases per 100,000 workers). The fatality rate for Scotland in 2018/19 is higher than it has been in recent years. However, it remains within the bounds of the variation that can be expected from one year to the next due to the overall numbers being relatively small.
- Non-fatal injuries - Yorkshire and the Humber (2,370 cases per 100,000 workers), East Midlands (2,350 cases per 100,000 workers) and South West (2,190 cases per 100,000 workers) had non-fatal injury rates which were statistically significantly higher than the Great Britain rate of 1,860 cases per 100,000 workers over the period 2016/17 to 2018/19. Over the same period, London (1,320 cases per 100,000 workers) and West Midlands (1,530 cases per 100,000 workers) had rates which were statistically significantly lower than the Great Britain rate (LFS).
- Ill health - South West (4,770 cases per 100,000 workers) and Yorkshire and the Humber (4,650 cases per 100,000 workers) had ill health prevalence rates which were statistically significantly higher than the Great Britain rate of 4,050 cases per 100,000 workers over the period 2016/17 to 2018/19. Over the same period, West Midlands (3,390 cases per 100,000 workers) and Scotland (3,280 cases per 100,000 workers) had rates which were statistically significantly lower than the Great Britain rate (LFS).
A selection of Data Tables are available providing further information.
The most reliable source for estimates of national and regional workplace injury and work-related ill health data is the annual Labour Force Survey 37,000 households per quarter across Great Britain which provides information about the labour market. HSE commissions a module of questions in the LFS to gain a view of workplace injury and work-related illness based on individuals’ perceptions.
Both the non-fatal injury and ill health estimates from the LFS are based on averages over a three year period (2016/17 to 2018/19). The ill health figures are prevalence rates meaning that they include long-standing as well as new cases.
For fatal injuries, data are collected from reports made by employers under RIDDOR (the Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations).
Interpretation of regional differences
The underlying risk of an adverse health and safety outcome such as ill health or injury will differ from one worker to the next, but it is unlikely that differences are affected directly by the region in which they work. Instead, research indicates that an individual’s risk is driven by a complex combination of factors including their occupation, the length of time they have been doing their job and the industry in which they work. As a result, regional differences in injury and ill health rates are strongly affected by differences in employment profiles.
In particular, when comparing countries, it should be noted that both Scotland and Wales have proportionally fewer workers in low-risk occupations than England. The difference is largely driven by the occupational mix in London and South East where there is a much higher proportion of workers in low-risk occupations than across the rest of England and Great Britain as a whole. An analysis of the impact of London and the South East on the overall figures for England and for Great Britain (based on data from 2004/05 to 2012/13) is available.
Previous research has explored the effect of standardising regional injury rates for differences in occupation and industry. The research demonstrates a downward shift in injury rates for those regions and countries with more workers in higher risk industries or occupations after standardising for occupation or industry.