There are many conditions that affect the musculoskeletal system - the following is a list of conditions that you may have heard of.
Repetitive Strain Injury (RSI) - This is a term often used to describe an upper limb disorder caused by doing the same task (typing, twisting, bending etc) over and over again. It can be more damaging where a load is involved in the task. For more information please view the ULD pages on this website.
Hand Arm Vibration Syndrome (HAVS) - This is usually the result of using hand-held power tools regularly. Symptoms include tingling and numbness in the fingers (which can cause sleep disturbance), loss of feeling/strength in fingers or the tips of the fingers going white, particularly in cold weather. If you continue to use high-vibration tools these symptoms will probably get worse, and could result in more frequent symptoms or permanent numbness in your hands and lost feeling which could lead to difficulty picking up small objects such as screws or nails; for more information please view the Vibration website.
Vibration White Finger - A common symptom of HAVS causing impaired blood circulation.
Osteoarthritis - This is the most common form of arthritis, although it usually occurs in older people, it's often caused by wear and tear. It can be the result of joint damage from an injury or the repair that occurs after the injury. Osteoarthritis usually occurs in the last joints of the fingers, at the base of the thumb, in the knees, big toes and feet. An injury at any stage in life can cause arthritis. For more information please view the LLD pages on this website.
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) - This is a relatively common condition that causes pain, numbness and a burning or tingling sensation in the hand and fingers. The carpal tunnel is a small tunnel that runs from the bottom of the wrist to the lower palm. Several tendons that help to move the fingers pass through the carpal tunnel as does the median nerve, which controls sensation and movement of your hand.
The compression of the median nerve can disrupt the nerve signals, affecting your sense of touch and hand movements. The median nerve can become compressed if the tendons that run through the carpal tunnel are swollen and inflamed.
Examples of activities that may lead to CTS include:
- playing a musical instrument
- using a computer keyboard
- craftwork (making decorative items by hand)
- work that involves manual labour
For more information please view the ULD pages on our website.
Tennis elbow is caused by small tears in the muscles of the forearm due to overuse of the muscles or minor injury. It can also occur as the result of a single, forceful injury.
- Manual handling at work: A brief guide
- Managing upper limb disorders in the workplace
- Manual handling assessment charts
- Risk assessment of pushing and pulling (RAPP) tool
- Making the best use of lifting and handling aids