Some disabled students and/or students with SEN/ASN may require specialist moving and handling, treatment or facilities. Teachers and teacher assistants might be called upon to deal with issues they have not had to address before. This is particularly likely when students with severe or complex SEN/ASN are taught in a mainstream setting or ‘special’ targeted provision. Students may not be able to recognise everyday hazards, communicate distress, or move around independently.
Health and safety legislation does NOT prohibit all moving and handling; rather it requires employers to adopt a risk management approach. Employers need to focus on enabling, rather than prohibiting, student participation.
There are several pieces of legislation relating to musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), which attach responsibilities to both employers and employees.
Activities where moving and handling may be required:
Sometimes parents and carers develop moving and handling techniques that put them at risk of injury (so called ‘controversial moves’) – in many cases this is because the benefit to them or the individual student’s home life outweighs the risk. This does not mean that schools or staff should adopt the same lifting and carrying techniques in the school – the principles of finding the right balance between risks to staff, the opportunities for the student, and the student’s rights apply to lifting and carrying as they do to all other aspects of the student’s education. Dialogue and discussion with the student and carer can help produce a positive outcome for all parties.
Guidance and further reference material is available.
Specific information on moving and handling in the healthcare sector is also available.
Example case studies are provided to illustrate considerations to be taken into account when completing moving and handling assessments involving students with SEN/ASN.