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Use of ICAR Capacitors in uninterruptable power supply (UPS) systems

Health and Safety Executive - Safety alert
Health and Safety Executive - Safety alert
Department Name: Regulatory Directorate, Chemicals, Explosives and Microbiological Hazards Division
Bulletin No: CEMHD1 - 2019
Issue Date: 02.08.2019
Target Audience:

All users of industrial uninterruptable power supply (UPS) systems including, but not limited to, the chemical industry, energy industry, offshore oil and gas production and other users of high capacity electrical capacitors in industrial equipment.

Affected capacitors are known to be found in some models of UPS system manufactured by Vertiv Infrastructure, previously trading as Emerson or Chloride.

As noted above, affected capacitors may also be found in other industrial equipment and users of such equipment should use the information in this safety alert to assess the ongoing risk of using this equipment and the need to consider further risk control measures.

UPS system manufacturer Vertiv Infrastructure Ltd has taken steps to alert known users of its UPS systems which may have contained the affected capacitors about this safety issue.

The importer of the capacitors (PSL Assemblies Limited) has taken steps to alert one customer known to have purchased the affected capacitors.
Key Issues:

Potential Danger From:

  • Fire and any consequential issues arising from the possible loss of power to connected equipment.
  • Two fires in industrial UPS systems were caused by the failure (due to overheating) of self-healing polypropylene capacitors manufactured by ICAR of Monza, Italy.
  • Capacitor model numbers known to be affected are:
    ICAR LNF-P3B-200-27
    ICAR LNF-P3X-200-38

Action Required:

  • Dutyholders are advised to take a precautionary approach and consider prompt replacement of both capacitor models.
  • Dutyholders are also advised to review ventilation and cooling requirements for UPS systems.

Introduction

This Safety Alert is aimed at:

All users of industrial uninterruptable power supply (UPS) systems including, but not limited to, the chemical industry, energy industry, offshore oil and gas production and other users of high capacity electrical capacitors in industrial equipment.

Affected capacitors are known to be found in some models of UPS system manufactured by Vertiv Infrastructure, previously trading as Emerson or Chloride.

As noted above, affected capacitors may also be found in other industrial equipment and users of such equipment should use the information in this safety alert to assess the ongoing risk of using this equipment and the need to consider further risk control measures.

Background

In 2018 a fire occurred in an industrial UPS system manufactured by Vertiv Infrastructure, previously known as - Emerson / Chloride.  The fire was caused by the dangerous failure of ICAR branded polypropylene capacitors located in the UPS unit which carry out AC voltage waveform correction.

Enquiries by the Health and Safety Executive have found that another ICAR branded polypropylene capacitor was responsible for a similar UPS system fire in 2011.

Both models of affected capacitors were made by ICAR of Monza, Italy.

The model numbers are:

ICAR LNF-P3B-200-27 (2018 incident)

ICAR LNF-P3X-200-38 (2011 incident)

Both capacitors are of polypropylene film construction and are intended to be ‘self-healing’ as, when a fault occurs within a discreet area of the capacitor, there is localised heating which results in internal isolation of the faulty area allowing the capacitor to continue in service.  However in the above incidents excessive heating resulted in a dangerous failure and subsequent fire within the UPS cabinets.

Self-healing polypropylene capacitors have a limited life span which can be affected by factors including service duty and ambient temperature.  Methods to identify the need to replace the capacitors may include techniques such as;

However these methods may not be reliable indicators of the remaining life span of these particular capacitors.

UPS system manufacturer Vertiv Infrastructure Ltd has taken steps to alert known users of its UPS systems which may have contained the affected capacitors about this safety issue.

The importer of the capacitors (PSL Assemblies Limited) has taken steps to alert one customer known to have purchased the affected capacitors.

Actions Required

Dutyholders are advised to take a precautionary approach and consider prompt replacement of both capacitor models where these have been identified in UPS systems or other industrial equipment.

Dutyholders are also advised to review ventilation and cooling requirements for UPS systems to ensure that acceptable operating temperatures are not exceeded.

Relevant Legal Documents

Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974
Control of Major Accident Hazards Regulations 2015

Further information

Any questions relating to this safety alert should be addressed to:
Health and Safety Executive
Chemicals, Explosives and Microbiological Hazards Division
Redgrave Court
Merton Road
Bootle, Merseyside, L20 7HS

General note

Please share this information with a colleague who may have this product/ equipment or operate this type of system/process.

2019-08-02