This report presents the findings from a study on public perceptions of the regulatory systems required to manage health and safety in major hazard sectors. The work is based on 12 reconvened focus groups in six locations around the UK which took place between December 2004 and February 2005. The second sessions involved HSE representatives from four major hazard sectors. Using a multi-criteria analysis approach, participants scored the relative importance of the elements of a regulatory system, which had been distilled from the first set of discussions, for each of four major hazard sectors. There is one fundamental underlying principle for a major hazards health and safety regime in the UK, namely that the operators should act responsibly. The inspection/oversight regime should therefore be designed to ensure that operators are acting responsibly. The three key elements of a regulatory regime were:
At a secondary level, the regime must include: external checks on buildings, that drills are taking place and that training is being provided; external monitoring of emissions; independent inspectors; and prior permission to operate from HSE. In summary, we could deduce the following system would meet with general approval:
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