This website uses non-intrusive cookies to improve your user experience. You can visit our cookie privacy page for more information.

RR4 - Dermal exposure resulting from liquid contamination

Research into the field of dermal exposure to chemicals originated from the agricultural industry and was directed primarily towards exposure to pesticides (Durham and Wolff 1962). Developments in measurement methods of dermal exposure have been slow when compared to the developments for exposure to particulate matter, gasses and vapours (Kromhout H & Vermeulen R. 2001).
The USA, Environmental Protection Agency (Mulhausen and Damiano 1998) and the UK Health and Safety Executive (HSE) (European Chemicals Bureau 1996) have developed models that are used in pesticide regulation to predict the amounts of pesticide products that deposit on the surfaces of work clothing and exposed skin.
Measurement of dermal exposure and/or chemical uptake through the skin is a difficult process, involving the use of either artificial skin, wipe sampling methods from field studies or biological monitoring (ECETOC 1994). Such techniques are time consuming, expensive and the results are irreproducible.

The Research Report Series are produced in Adobe Acrobat. The use of the latest version of the software is recommended which is available at the Adobe website via the link on this page.

Assistance in the use of Adobe Acrobat PDF files is available on our FAQs page.

Updated 2010-03-19