For many years there have been requirements in UK Health and Safety law for the owners of mines to provide rescue arrangements to deal with fires, explosions and other emergency incidents which may occur within their mines. The current requirements are identified in the Coal Industry Act 1994 and in the Escape and Rescue from Mines Regulations 1995. One of the key requirements for coal mines is a capability to respond rapidly to emergency call outs to attend at incidents and to sustain recovery operations, particularly those requiring breathing apparatus, over extended periods with people trained to work safely in the special hazards of the mine environment.
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