Over the past two decades, there has been a growing belief in all sectors of employment and in government that the experience of stress at work has undesirable consequences for the health and safety of individuals and for the health of their organizations. This belief has been reflected both in public and media interest and in increasing concern voiced by the trade unions, and professional and scientific bodies. There are three basic questions that require answering: (1) What is the nature of occupational stress? (2) Does work stress affect health and if so how? and (3) How can it be managed effectively? This review addresses these questions after having briefly examined the difficulties involved in placing work stress in context of other life stressors.
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