Topic area 4: Health and safety management
Estimated Duration: 3 Hours
- To define the concepts and key components of a health and safety management system;
- To outline recent developments in health and safety management including the development of OHSAS18001 and accreditation.
Introduction to health and safety management
- Part of the overall management system that facilitates the management
of the OH&S risks associated with the business of the organisation.
This includes the organisational structure, planning activities, responsibilities,
practices, procedures, processes and resources for developing and achieving,
reviewing and maintaining the organisation’s OH&S policy.
Concept of the ‘systems approach’ to health and safety management;
Key elements of a H&S Management System (based on HS(G)65)
- Policy - Effective health and safety policies set a clear direction
for the organisation to follow.
- Organising - An effective management structure and arrangements are
in place for delivering the policy.
- Planning - There is a planned and systematic approach to implementing
the health and safety policy through an effective health and safety management
- Measuring performance - Performance is measured against agreed standards
to reveal when and where improvement is needed.
- Auditing and reviewing performance - The organisation learns from all
relevant experience and applies the lessons.
Recent Developments in OH&S Management Systems
Standardisation – international move to standards and accreditation
specifically with respect to ISO 9000 (Quality Management Systems) and ISO
14001 (Environmental Management Systems).
Overview of BS8800
- Guidelines based on the general principals of good management and are
designed to enable the integration of health and safety management within
an overall management system.
- Uses ISO 14001 and HS(G)65 models
OHSAS 18000 Series
Development of OHSAS 18001/18002 – developed in response to industry
demand for a recognisable H&S management system standard against which
their management systems can be assessed and certified (as in QMS and EMS).
- Accreditation to the above standard
- Benefits of Accreditation
Practical Aspects of OH&S Management Systems
Safety Policy (including legal requirement)
- Purpose and content of effective health and safety policies.
- Assessing risks and implementing risk control systems.
- Setting H&S Objectives and Management Programmes
- Types of H&S Objectiv
- Action Plans
Implementation & Operation
- Defining Management Structures, Roles and Responsibilities.
- Ensuring communication of necessary information throughout the organisation;
- Identifying relevant OH&S information
- Ensuring two way flow of OH&S information within organisation
- Training - Securing the competence of employees
- Health & Safety Documentation (covered generally with reference
to the Quarry ‘H&S Document’).
- Purpose of Measuring Performance:
- Active measuring systems which monitor the achievement of plans and
the extent of compliance with standards;
- Reactive systems which monitor accidents, ill health and incidents
- Purpose of Auditing: Auditing is a process whereby an organisation
can review and continuously evaluate the effectiveness of their management
- Planning Audit programmes and undertaking audits.
- Purpose of Review: Top management should review the operation of the
management system to assess whether it is being implemented and remains
suitable for achieving the organisation’s objectives.
Suggested Reading & Other Resources
- HSE – Successful Health & Safety Management HS(G)65, HSE Books,
- British Standards Organisation – BS8800: Guide to Occupational
Health & Safety Management Systems, BSI, 1996
- British Standards Organisation – OHSAS 18001: Occupational Health
& Safety Management Systems – Specification, 1999
- British Standards Organisation – OHSAS 18002: Occupational Health
& Safety Management Systems – Guidelines for the Implementation
of 18001, 2000