Before a pesticide is approved, the risk to non-target organisms has to be assessed. This assessment is to ensure that there are no significant long term changes to the population nor to the function of the ecosystem. Certain other effects may also be unacceptable eg vertebrate mortalities. The information provided must be sufficient to allow an assessment of the impact on non-target organisms likely to be at risk from exposure to the active substance and appropriate metabolites.
This guidance provides advice on the need for Ecotox. formulation studies and their use in risk assessment. Formal sections of the Dir. 91/414/EEC (Annex III requirements) and existing SANCO guidance documents are presented together with additional CRD guidance. Applicants are advised to read this document before deciding on a formulation testing strategy.
From 1st April 2012, CRD will expect all product applications for products with multiple active substances to contain the appropriate aquatic and /or combined bird and mammal risk assessments. For the majority of applications CRD do not require new data - a reasoned case is sufficient. See guidance for further information.
This brief CRD guidance covers CLP environmental hazard classification and labelling for active substances and ‘mixtures’ (ie formulated products). The guidance is not intended to be definitive and more comprehensive guidance is included on ECHA’s website at http://echa.europa.eu/regulations/clp/classification
This CRD guidance provides advice regarding the wording on product labels of ‘safety precautions’ previously required under Annex V to Directive 91/414 and now required under Commission Regulation (EU) No 547/2011. It details the various risk mitigation measures that may be needed, including a more detailed consideration of UK product labelling and risk management strategies for terrestrial (crop dwelling) non-target arthropods.
Key research reports useful for ecotox risk assessment.