This page offers general risk reduction measures associated with carrying operations
|Tool risk factor
||Possible remedial action
Eliminate the manual lifting in the task
Tackle manual handling as a whole
Reduce the repeated handling of the same load throughout
Examine the workplace layout
Match workstation heights with trolleys and conveyors. Manoeuvre
loads instead of carrying. Link separate processes in a production
Use mechanical handling aids to eliminate carrying:
Conveyors, trolleys, trucks, carts, dollies, barrows, slides,
stackers and manipulators.
load weight and frequency of carry
load weight and frequency of carry - Expert Scores
Reduce the load weight:
Redesign packaging, use smaller easier to carry containers or
limit the quantities of product in containers.
Increase the load weight:
Bring goods in by bulk with mechanical handling, loads which cannot
be manually handled.
Reduce the risk of repetitive carrying:
Examine process rates, rotate workers to jobs with less physical
demands or increase staffing levels. Using trolleys and carts
increases the load transportable each time (reduces the distance
Make other factors as good as possible:
Reduce carry distance, improve load carrying techniques, eliminate
carry distance - Expert Scores
Pushing / pulling and conveyors, extendable conveyors particularly
useful to reduce carrying to or from loading bays and vehicles.
Examine workplace layout:
Design work area to locate loads closer to or at destinations
(e.g. loading bays and stores). carry loads via the most direct
Examine the load characteristics:
Make the load smaller, less intrinsically harmful, position better
handholds - to ensure the load is held and lifted as close to
the body as possible.
trunk / load
trunk / load - Expert Scores
Examine the load characteristics:
Improve the design and position of handholds and grips, stabilise
and centralise the load centre of mass (or if offset make sure
it is close to operative's body), reduce intrinsically harmful
characteristics, make the load more compact - less likely to obstruct
movement or vision.
The aim is to position the load to be carried close to the
body in front of the operative, the load should not hinder vision
or movement of the legs.
on load - Expert Scores
Use tools (or mechanical aids) which grip awkward loads and provide
convenient handles for carrying, alter the texture and finish
of the load to improve grip, use gloves with high frictional qualities,
minimise intrinsically harmful characteristics, handles or cut
outs which permit the operative to exert a strong power grip are
preferred, loads with shifting contents or which sag could be
stabilised (put in solid container) to reduce the likelihood of
the operative needing to rapidly alter grip to control the load.
Straps and supports may be helpful to reduce the emphasis on gripping
the load with the hands / arms to support the weight, the load
may lend itself to carrying on the shoulder (e.g. sagging loads
such as rolls and sacks).
en route - Expert Scores
Avoid steps, stairs or steep slopes by using hoists, powered
conveyors, lifts and dumb waiters.
Consider the work area layout:
Provide open aisles and access ways, ensure space allows unrestricted
movement, place pallets or other loads away from walls to allow
easy access right around it, good house keeping should eliminate
build ups of waste materials.
Consider the design of the obstacle:
Ladders are not suited during load carriage as the hands should
be free to grip the ladder, however, a few well designed steps
or stairs with good grip on the treads, ample room to move unhindered
could be acceptable.
surface - Expert Scores
Floor surface should be free of
contamination, it should be in good condition and stable:
Remove loose materials from walkways or around the workstation,
ensure aisles and gangways are free of obstruction, maintenance
programs should identify and remedy floor damage.In wet or otherwise
slippery areas: increase the roughness of the floor, provide matting
which allows the contaminant to drain below it, consider moving
to dry systems for maintaining hygiene standards, provision of
suitable footwear. Ensure carrying does not take place over loose
materials. Please bear in mind that seasonal temperatures can
affect underfoot conditions.