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How you control process risks which apply largely to the footwear industry

Question set

1. Clicking presses

  1. Are all two handed controls on clicking presses working correctly?
  2. Do you check that two-handed controls are working correctly?
  3. Are knives stored and carried safely?
  4. Are working areas/Pedestrian walkways clearly marked?
  5. Are pedestrian walkways kept clear?
  6. Do employees use pedestrian walkways where required?
  7. Do you ensure employees do not distract operators when they are working at the clicking presses?
  8. Have working blocks recently been checked, turned and are they kept in good order?

Help

Two handed control devices should meet the following standard:

Detailed design specifications can be found in British Standard BS EN 574:1997 'Safety of machinery-Two-handed control devices-Functional aspects-Principles for design'.

2. Travelling head presses

  1. Is the correct operation of the guarding (photo-electric, interlocking, fixed, and two handed controls) checked daily?
  2. Have working blocks recently been checked, turned and are they kept in good order?

Help

3. Bottom stock

  1. Is hearing protection and eye protection worn whilst working at shanking machines?
  2. Are guards in place on shanking machines?
  3. Is hearing protection worn whilst working at channelling, bevelling and grooving machines?
  4. Are guards in place for channelling, bevelling and grooving machines?
  5. Is adequate exhaust ventilation provided at channelling, bevelling and grooving machines?

Help

4. Closing preparation

  1. On skiving machines is the knife correctly adjusted to minimise the gap to prevent injury?
  2. On skiving machines is the bottom plate frequently checked for wear to ensure safe operation?
  3. Where lubricants are used are the risks to health (dermatitis, fume inhalation etc) prevented or adequately controlled?
  4. On splitting machines is the knife correctly adjusted to prevent injury?
  5. Is adequate eye protection worn when sharpening blades on splitting machines, where appropriate?
  6. Have you prevented or adequately controlled the risk from exposure to dust in splitting and skiving operations?
  7. Where local exhaust ventilation is provided, is it adequately maintained?
  8. Are measures in place to prevent the ignition of leather dust in local exhaust ventilation systems following the sharpening of knives and/or blades?

Help

5. Closing

  1. If there is a risk of eye injury from needle breakage, are guards fitted?
  2. On punching machines, is the gap between punch and component set sufficiently low to prevent finger access?
  3. Where hot melt adhesives are used are procedures in place to prevent exposure to fumes from burn-ups?
  4. Where hot melt adhesives are used are adequate control measures in place to eliminate the risk of injury from burns?
  5. On eyeletting machines are finger guards in place at all times and for all operations?
  6. Has the risk from the exposure to noise whilst using eyeletting machines been prevented or adequately controlled?

Help

6. Lasting

  1. Where solvents are used, are measures in place to prevent or adequately control exposure (inhalation and skin contact)?
  2. Where hot melt adhesives are used are procedures in place to prevent exposure to fumes from burn-ups?
  3. Where hot melt adhesives are used are adequate control measures in place to eliminate the risk of injury from burns?
  4. Has the risk of ill health (including respiratory sensitisation) from the use of isocyanates been prevented or adequately controlled?
  5. Is spacing between workstations sufficient to avoid collision and to allow operatives to work safely?
  6. Is hearing protection and eye protection required and if so, is it worn?

Help

Footwear Industry Health and Safety Committee Guidance Note 'Solvents' (1-99), and Audit 3.1.3 and help set.

Footwear Industry Health and Safety Committee Guidance Note 'Isocyanates' (5-1998).

All hot melt adhesives, once melted, will tend to carbonise/burn-up and the higher the temperature the faster this will happen.

7. Roughing

  1. Are measures in place to prevent the ignition of dust from roughing operations (roughing and brush sharpening)?
  2. Are employees adequately trained in roughing to control the high risk of injury?
  3. Is hearing protection and eye protection required, and if so is it worn?

Help

Training for working at roughing machines should include consideration of the following.

8. Sole and heel attaching

  1. Are employees adequately trained in sole and heel attaching to control the high risk of injury?
  2. On the sole laying press, are the employees trained to position the machine arms correctly to prevent the risk of injury from the lasted upper being ejected?

Help

9. Moulding

  1. Has the risk of ill health (including respiratory sensitisation) from the use of isocyanates been prevented or adequately controlled?
  2. Have all practicable steps been taken to prevent burn ups?
  3. In the event of a burn up are adequate procedures in place for evacuation, ventilation and correction?
  4. Due to the high weight of moulds, have all practicable steps been taken to prevent injury during mould changing?
  5. Have adequate steps been taken to prevent handling injuries during raw material transfer?

Help

All injection moulding compounds will burn-up/carbonise and give off toxic fumes if overheated:

10 Finishing/Cleaning

  1. Where solvents and solvent-based substances are used are measures in place to prevent or adequately control exposure by inhalation and/or skin contact?
  2. Are employees adequately trained in trimming and scouring to control the high risk of injury?
  3. Is hearing protection and eye protection required and if so, is it worn?
  4. Is adequate exhaust ventilation provided at all trimming and scouring machines?
  5. Is local exhaust ventilation adequately maintained?

Help

Where solvents are used the following should be considered:

Updated 2013-09-27