The nuclear industry is funding research into genetic susceptibility to chemical exposures. The chemical industry is also interested in this. Employers could use genetic testing to identify people most at risk from hazardous exposures or sudden illness. They may use these genetic tests to exclude the most susceptible individuals from employment or see genetic testing as easier/cheaper alternative to reducing workplace exposures or use it to discriminate unfairly against employees or job applicants. Genetic tests for susceptibility to occupational illness are being developed and a few have been used in UK and US workplaces, although the tests are not yet thought to be accurate or reliable enough to predict if an individual is at risk.
The insurance industry has agreed a moratorium on the use of genetic testing for life insurance purposes until 2011.