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1. 'Arable farm' means:
2. The risk is to plant health. There are many plant pests and diseases, which could cause serious damage to crops and plants. Official controls and restrictions on the import, movement and keeping of plants, plant pests and other material e.g. soil are vital to help prevent the introduction and spread of harmful organisms.
3. Soil inhabiting fungi and nematodes can be spread by small insects, mites and soil carried on footwear, clothing, vehicles etc. Visits to arable farms are deemed to be low risk. However, even where the risk is negligible farmers may perceive a risk from inspectors or other staff who may have visited other farms. FOD staff should be sensitive to that perception, be seen to be taking the additional precautions detailed below and comply with any reasonable requests from a farmer for additional measures. Plant hygiene precautions may determine the sequence of visits.
4. If a serious plant disease or pest is confirmed as present, quarantine measures which include a range of restrictions are likely to be in place. Inspectors and visiting staff should comply with any notices that refer to quarantine soil-borne pests or diseases.
5. Further advice in relation to specific plant health situations can be obtained from the Plant Health and Seeds Inspectorate (PHSI) for the area in question. Details of PHSI regional offices can be obtained from the Food and Environment Research Agency (FERA) on tel. 01904 465625 or the FERA website.
6. In addition to the general biosecurity measures listed earlier in this guidance, FOD staff should: