The safety provisions in ER2014 comprise four whole regulations and some elements of a fifth regulation.
The safety provisions require:
Anyone manufacturing or storing explosives to take appropriate measures:
People storing explosives to maintain separation distances, identifies the circumstances in which separation distances do not need to be applied, and identifies how separation distances are applied to certain sites that are granted a licence by HSE or ONR.
Anyone discarding or disposing of explosives, or who is decontaminating explosive-contaminated items, to ensure, so far as reasonably practicable, that they are undertaking those activities safely.
Prohibits the manufacture and storage and import of pyrotechnics containing sulphur and/or phosphorus mixed with chlorates without the approval of HSE.
Regulation 13 relates to the grant of licences but also includes safety provisions. It allows:
With certain exceptions a licence is required for the manufacture or storage of explosives.
HSE licenses manufacturing activities and larger explosives storage facilities. HSE may not grant a licence for a manufacturing facility or store until the local authority has given its assent. Stores holding less than two tonnes of explosives are either licensed by the local authority or the police, HSE licences stores that are located in a mine or harbour.
How to apply for a licence provides further information.
In most cases a separation distance must be maintained between the explosives building and neighbouring inhabited buildings. This is to keep risks to those living or working in the area to an acceptable level.
If there is development in this separation zone then the quantity that may be kept must be reduced.