Explosives are dangerous goods.
All explosives must have been assigned a classification by the Competent Authority of a Contracting Party to the European Agreement Concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR).
Chapter 2.2 of ADR describes the requirements for the classification of explosives, as interpreted by regulation 3 of the Carriage of Dangerous Goods and Use of Transportable Pressure Equipment Regulations 2009 (as amended) (CDG).
This section describes the role of HSE as Competent Authority, and explains the responsibilities of anybody, eg importer or manufacturer, wanting to transport explosives in Great Britain, and the additional duties under Chemicals (Hazard Information and Packaging for Supply) Regulations 2009 (CHIP4) and the European Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & restriction of Chemicals Regulation (REACH).
The Contracting Parties are published on page ‘v’ in the Foreword section of ADR.
‘Classification’ identifies the hazards posed by explosive substances and articles as packaged for transport.
The Competent Authority of a Contracting Party to ADR must assign the classification of explosive materials before they can be transported. This involves assessing an explosive to determine whether it is assigned to – or excluded from – Class 1 of the UN classification scheme for the transportation of dangerous goods. An explosive assigned to Class 1 is given an appropriate UN Serial Number, hazard code and compatibility group, depending on its composition, type, and hazard.
A Competent Authority is a body designated or recognised to carry out duties under transport of dangerous goods regulations. In Great Britain:
Once the Competent Authority has agreed the classification, it issues a Competent Authority Document (CAD).
As Competent Authority, HSE:
HSE lists all GB-classified explosives on the LOCEF database, which can be found on the Explosives Web Community. You need to register to access the community pages, but access is free.
Explosives may be assigned a classification by one of the following methods:
The importer / manufacturer is responsible for either:
Explosive substances must also be classified under the Chemicals (Hazard Information and Packaging for Supply) Regulations 2009 (CHIP4).
CHIP4 requires manufacturers and suppliers to provide their customers with information about the hazards associated with their products and to package them safely.
The European Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & restriction of Chemicals Regulation (REACH) requires safety data sheets (SDSs) to be provided. REACH is a European system for regulating chemicals imported into the EU in quantities greater than 1 tonne.