The topic of Electrical power systems is concerned with risks arising from electrical distribution systems and equipment at major accident hazard sites. Specifically, it is concerned with:
Electrically powered hazardous installations such as large-scale chemical manufacturing processes should be designed to fail to a safe state on loss of electrical power, however, in certain circumstances it may be necessary to maintain electrical power to ensure safety. In some situations partial failure of the electrical distribution network may lead to more severe consequences than complete failure.
Electrical distribution systems generate, store and transmit extremely large amounts of energy. Uncontrolled releases of electrical energy, for example from catastrophic failure of equipment or poorly designed or maintained equipment, have been seen to result in electrical fires and explosions that are dangerous in themselves but can also initiate major accidents at major hazard sites.
The risks arising from the reliability, availability and survivability of electrical supplies and from catastrophic failure of electrical equipment should be managed by:
Guidance on risks arising directly from electricity is provided on the electrical safety at work pages of this website.
Refer to the COMAH Competent Authority EC & I Operational Delivery Guide