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Discussion - Regulating Higher Hazards - exploring the issues

Discussion ended 28 January 2001


Principles underlying the legal frameworks, as exemplified by the offshore, chemical, rail and nuclear regimes, with related discussion on the railway approvals system.

Responses received by 1 December 2000 may be fed into the Inquiry into the train collision at Ladbroke Grove.


A number of higher hazard industries are regulated under what have become known as 'permissioning' regimes. The document discusses the principles behind this approach, and what distinguishes it from the generality of health and safety law. It compares the legal requirements of four regimes, the nuclear, offshore, onshore major chemical hazards and railways and focuses in on related issues concerning HSE approval of railway schemes. There are two versions of the document. The full version, is as described and the short version which has chapter 4; initial integrity on railways, removed. This shorter version is for those stakeholders that do not have a detailed interest in the railway industry.

Updated 2009-05-28