The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 (FSO) sets out the law on
construction site general fire safety.
The FSO requires that a ‘responsible person’ must carry out, and keep up to date, a risk assessment and implement appropriate measures to minimise the risk to life and property from fire.
The responsible person will usually be the main or principal contractor in control of the site.
You should identify sources of fuel and ignition and establish general fire precautions including, means of escape, warning and fighting fire, based on your fire risk assessment.
In occupied buildings such as offices, make sure the work does not interfere with existing escape routes from the building, or any fire separation, alarms, dry risers, or sprinkler systems.
Key issues are:
Construction of timber frame buildings will require significant additional measures – please refer to the specific guidance listed.
Each year there a number of serious fires on construction sites and buildings undergoing refurbishment.
In most cases, conducting a risk assessment will be a relatively straightforward and simple task that may be carried out by the responsible person, or a person they nominate, such as a consultant.
There are five steps in carrying out a fire risk assessment:
Key aspects to providing safe means of escape on construction sites include:
Set up a system to alert people on site. This may be temporary or permanent mains operated fire alarm (tested regularly), a klaxon, an air horn or a whistle, depending on the size and complexity of the site.
The warning needs to be distinctive, audible above other noise and recognisable by everyone.
Fire extinguishers should be located at identified fire points around the site. The extinguishers should be appropriate to the nature of the potential fire:
Nominated people should be trained in how to use extinguishers.