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Dryers

The failure modes associated with Dryers are:

The technical measures that may be appropriate for each of these failure modes are identified in each of the above links.

Air Ingress measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving air ingress effects of Dryers are:

Air Ingress measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Operating procedures Explosion relief Emergency response
Reliability of utilities Sampling Isolation
  Training Plant layout (escalation)
    PPE
    Spill treatment

Corrosion measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving corrosion effects of Dryers are:

Corrosion measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Coatings Corrosion monitoring Emergency response
Selection of materials Inspection Isolation
    Plant layout (escalation)
    PPE
    Spill treatment

Design fault measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving design fault effects of Dryers are:

Design fault measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Design codes - buildings Inspection Emergency response
Design codes - plant Relief systems Isolation
  Vent systems Plant layout (escalation)
    PPE
    Spill treatment

Erosion measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving erosion effects of Dryers are:

Erosion measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Selection of materials Inspection Emergency Rresponse
  Leak detection Isolation
    Plant layout (escalation)
    PPE
    Spill treatment

External event measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving external event effects of Dryers are:

External event measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Design codes - plant Flood protection Emergency response
Design codes - buildings Lightning protection Isolation
  Relief systems Plant layout (escalation)
  Wind loading protection PPE
    Spill treatment

Fire/explosion measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving fire/explosion effects of Dryers are:

Fire/explosion measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Design codes - plant Active Fire protection Isolation
Earthing Alarms Emergency response
Inerting Explosion relief Plant layout (escalation)
Hazardous area classification Trips PPE
Product testing Vent systems Spill treatment

Human error measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving human error effects of Dryers are:

Human error measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Operating procedures Alarms Emergency response
  Control systems Isolation
  Training Plant layout (escalation)
    PPE
    Spill treatment

Impact measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving impact effects of Dryers are:

Impact measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Lifting procedures Leak detection Emergency response
Maintenance procedures Training Isolation
Operating procedures   Plant layout (escalation)
Permit to work   PPE
    Spill treatment

Impurities measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving impurities effects of Dryers are:

Impurities measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Operating procedures Alarms/trips Emergency response
  Relief systems Isolation
  Sampling Plant layout (escalation)
  Training PPE
    Spill treatment

Maintenance faults measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving maintenance faults effects of Dryers are:

Maintenance faults measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Maintenance procedures Inspection Emergency response
  Leak detection Isolation
  Permit to work Plant layout (escalation)
  Training PPE
    Spill treatment

Overheating measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving overheating effects of Dryers are:

Overheating measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Design Codes - plant Alarms Emergency response
Maintenance procedures Training Isolation
Operating procedures Trips Plant layout (escalation)
Reliability of utilities Vent systems PPE
    Spill treatment

Overpressurisation measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving overpressurisation effects of Dryers are:

Overpressurisation measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Design codes - plant Alarms Emergency response
Maintenance procedures Relief systems Isolation
Operating procedures Training Plant layout (escalation)
Reliability of utilities Trips PPE
  Vent systems Spill treatment

Structural failure measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving structural failure effects of Dryers are:

Structural failure measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Design codes - buildings Inspection Emergency response
Design codes - plant   Isolation
    Plant layout (escalation)
    PPE
    Spill treatment

Vibration measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving vibration effects of Dryers are:

Vibration measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Design codes - plant Inspection Emergency response
  Maintenance procedures Isolation
  Training Plant layout (escalation)
    PPE
    Spill treatment

Wrong/defective equipment measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving wrong/defective equipment effects of Dryers are:

Wrong/defective equipment measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Change procedures Alarms/trips Emergency response
Design codes - plant Leak detection Isolation
  Relief systems Plant layout (escalation)
  Training PPE
    Spill treatment
2014-06-18