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Pipework

The failure modes associated with Pipework are:

The technical measures that may be appropriate for each of these failure modes are identified in each of the above links.

Corrosion measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving corrosion effects of Pipework are:

Corrosion measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Cathodic Protection Corrosion Monitoring Emergency Response
Coatings Inspection Isolation
Design Codes - Pipework Leak Detection Plant Layout (Escalation)
Inhibitors   PPE
Selection of Materials   Secondary Containment
    Spill Treatment

Design fault measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving design fault effects of Pipework are:

Design fault measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Design Codes - Pipework Inspection Emergency Response
    Isolation
    Plant Layout (Escalation)
    PPE
    Secondary Containment
    Spill Treatment

External event measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving external event effects of Pipework are:

External event measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Design Codes - Buildings Flood Protection Emergency Response
Design Codes - Pipework Lightning Protection Isolation
Design Codes - Plant Relief Systems Plant Layout (Escalation)
  Wind Loading Protection PPE
    Secondary Containment
    Spill Treatment

Fire/Explosion event measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving fire/explosion effects of Pipework are:

Fire/Explosion event measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Design Codes - Plant Active Fire Protection Emergency Response
Earthing Explosion Relief Isolation
Hazardous Area Classification Passive Fire Protection Plant Layout (Escalation)
Inerting Vent Systems PPE
    Secondary Containment
    Spill Treatment

Human error measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving human error effects of Pipework are:

Human error measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Control Room Design Alarms Emergency Response
Operating Procedures Control Systems Isolation
  Training Plant Layout (Escalation)
  Warning Signs PPE
    Secondary Containment
    Spill Treatment

Impact measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving impact effects of Pipework are:

Impact measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Lifting Procedures Crash Barriers Emergency Response
Maintenance Procedures Traffic Control Isolation
Operating Procedures Training Plant Layout (Escalation)
Permit to Work   PPE
    Secondary Containment
    Spill Treatment

Impurities measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving impurities effects of Pipework are:

Impurities measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Operating Procedures Relief Systems Emergency Response
  Sampling Isolation
  Training Plant Layout (Escalation)
    PPE
    Secondary Containment
    Spill Treatment

Loss of utilities measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving loss of utilities effects of Pipework are:

Loss of utilities measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Design Codes - Plant Alarms Emergency Response
Maintenance Procedures Back Up Supplies Isolation
Operating Procedures Relief Systems Plant Layout (Escalation)
  Training PPE
    Secondary Containment
    Spill Treatment

Maintenance faults measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving maintenance faults effects of Pipework are:

Maintenance faults measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Maintenance Procedures Inspection Emergency Response
  Permit to Work Isolation
  Training Plant Layout (Escalation)
    PPE
    Secondary Containment
    Spill Treatment

Overfilling measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving overfilling effects of Pipework are:

Overfilling measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Design Codes - Plant Alarms Emergency Response
Operating Procedures Training Isolation
  Trips Plant Layout (Escalation)
    PPE
    Secondary Containment
    Spill Treatment

Overheating measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving overheating effects of Pipework are:

Overheating measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Design Codes - Pipework Alarms Emergency Response
Design Codes - Plant Back Up Cooling Isolation
Maintenance Procedures Training Plant Layout (Escalation)
Operating Procedures Trips PPE
Reliability of Utilities Vent Systems Secondary Containment
    Spill Treatment

Overpressurisation measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving overpressurisation effects of Pipework are:

Overpressurisation measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Design Codes - Plant Alarms Emergency Response
Maintenance Procedures Relief Systems Isolation
Operating Procedures Training Plant Layout (Escalation)
  Trips PPE
    Secondary Containment
    Spill Treatment

Structural failure measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving structural failure effects of Pipework are:

Structural failure measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Design Codes - Buildings/Civil Inspection Emergency Response
Design Codes - Pipework   Isolation
Design Codes - Plant   Plant Layout (Escalation)
    PPE
    Secondary Containment
    Spill Treatment

Vibration measures

Measures to prevent, control or mitigate major accidents involving vibration effects of Pipework are:

Vibration measures
Prevention Control Mitigation
Design Codes - Pipework Inspection Emergency Response
Design Codes - Plant Maintenance Procedures Isolation
  Training Plant Layout (Escalation)
    PPE
    Secondary Containment
    Spill Treatment
2014-06-18