Overview of the Processes and Products at the Complex Three business streams are present on the Complex.
This business includes the Forties Pipeline System (FPS) which is routed into the Oil & Gas Processing complex at the Kerse of Kinneil. This is situated on the northern side of the A904 Bo’ness road to the east of the river inlet. The Exploration Business Stream provides the raw materials for use in the Oil Refinery and the petrochemical plants. The oil and gas arriving at Kinneil go through a two-stage process of heating and separation to produce a stabilised crude oil and raw gas streams. The crude oil is then either exported directly from the Complex or supplied to the Oil Refinery.
This business consists of the Oil Refinery which is located in the middle of the North Side. It processes stabilised crude oil and has an annual capacity of around ten million tonnes. At the Oil Refinery several processes occur:
The major products from the Oil Refinery include liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), petrol, diesel, jet fuel, kerosene, fuel oil and heating oil. Naphtha is produced and fed into the petrochemical processing facilities.
This business consists of a number of petrochemical plants which are located on both the North and South Sides. The petrochemical plants use gas separated from the oil as their main feedstock to produce petrochemicals. Initially by a process known as "cracking" the mixed raw gases fed from the Kinneil operations (a complex mixture of large and small gas molecules) are broken down into smaller molecules which are then used as feedstocks for a range of petrochemical plants. These plants produce a range of products including ethylene, propylene, benzene, ethanol, and polymers such as linear low density polyethylene and polypropylene. These chemicals are sold as basic raw materials for a number of further industries including textiles and pharmaceuticals.Further detail on the facilities at the Complex can be obtained from the BP website at www.bp.com.