The BP Grangemouth Complex (the "Complex") is located on the south bank of the Firth of Forth approximately 20 miles to the west of Edinburgh and close to the eastern boundary of the town of Grangemouth.
Access by road to the Complex is from the M9, which runs close to the south of the Complex, and via a network of local roads.
The Complex is divided into a North and South Side by the A904 Bo’ness road which is a public access road that runs west-east through the middle of the Complex. Pipework carrying products and utilities runs beneath the road in several places to connect facilities on the North Side to those on the South Side. For example, steam generated in the boiler plant which is situated on the North Side is distributed to plants on the South Side, and hot condensate (condensed steam) collected on the South Side is returned to the boiler plant. The North and South Sides are also divided by the River Avon which enters the Firth of Forth.
Jetty facilities for ships for multi-product loading/unloading are located within the Port of Grangemouth to the north of the Complex and there are also extensive storage tank facilities available on-site.
The Complex has been in operation since 1924 and continues to be developed to the present day. Throughout the 1990’s BP invested in new plant at Grangemouth as well as upgrading existing equipment.
Around 2,000 people are currently employed on the 700 hectare site and production is carried out continuously 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. In addition approximately 11,000 people are employed in the Central Belt of Scotland in activities associated with the Complex.
The Complex handles a wide range of chemicals that are hazardous to human health (toxic, explosive, fire hazard etc) and dangerous to the environment if released from containment. Special precautions have to be taken for the range of hazardous properties that are encountered. The design of the process plant and equipment and the management control systems on the Complex are therefore designed to minimise the safety and environmental risk (that is the potential for the hazards that are present on-site to be realised).
The management systems in place include on-site and off-site emergency response plans which have been developed in consultation with the Local Authority, the emergency services, the police and the regulatory authorities in order to respond to the major hazards that have been identified. An on-site Incident Management Team (IMT) and an off-site Grangemouth Petrochemical Complex Major Incident Control Committee (MICC) can be mobilised in the event of a major incident on-site which may have off-site consequences.