Schedule 2 to the Supply of Machinery (Safety) Regulations 2008, contains the Essential Health and Safety Requirements (EHSRs) that are considered necessary to be complied with before the machine or product can be placed on the market or put into use within the European Economic Area.
The starting point is Part 1 Preliminary observations – which determine how the rest of the EHSRs should be interpreted. These give three main directions that control the way the rest of the EHSRs should be dealt with.
When producing a safe machine, the Principles of Safety Integration are the core of the Machinery Regulations and should be fully understood before any work is started on the design of a relevant product.
EHSR 1.1.2 – the Principles of Safety Integration – gives the basic approach to be used in the assessment of all risks to health and safety for any machine. It includes all stages of the machine’s use, from assembly to scrapping, under conditions of foreseeable use and misuse. Designers should:
EHSR 1.7.3 – Marking – requires that:
EHSR 1.7.4 – Instructions – requires the supplier to provide operating instructions and sales literature. This should contain information about the safe use of the machine including transporting, installation, operation and maintenance, through to scrapping. There are particular requirements for information on noise and vibration, depending on the level emitted by the machine under stated test conditions.
The rest of the EHSRs can then be evaluated to see if they are relevant and the Principles of Safety Integration applied.
If properly done, the above procedure will ensure that machines will be placed on the market that are safe for the intended use. To achieve this, the designer must have a clear understanding of: