Knocking out multiple-component ceramic moulds used in the "lost wax" casting process.
A precision casting company used a hand-held riveting hammer, of a type used in shipyards, to knock out castings from the ceramic shells in which they had been cast. This process takes approximately 20 minutes to complete per multiple component mould, exposing the operator to very high vibration magnitudes . Typically an operator would knock out 18 such moulds a day giving a possible exposure in excess of 10 m/s2 A(8).
The company developed an in-house solution by mounting a pneumatic breaker, similar to the type used to dig up the road, in a custom-built steel support frame. The mould to be knocked out is held in the frame with pneumatic jaws and vibrated by a special toolpiece fitted in the breaker.